The ruinous Chester fort has been upgraded: firstly by King Alfred's daughter, Aethelflaed, and then by the Normans themselves who have added a castle and extended the walls to the south and west so that they reach down to the river.
There are churches now, but the Roman pattern of roads have been retained - etched more deeply in the Anglo-Saxon buhr and now this Norman town. Since I knew very little about the Normans, I started with a study of the people: Cheshire under the Norman Earls by B.M. C. Husain
Today I have been trying to make sense of the medieval town. With the help of the excellent mapping medieval Chester website, I have printed out a large map to stick on the wall
The Romans seemed to have been obsessed with baths; the Anglo-Saxons with producing coins (and hiding them away in caches). The Normans seemed to have been over-endowed with religious orders: one abbey full of Benedictine monks, a Benedictine nunnery and then no fewer than three friaries: the Black (Dominicans), the Grey ( Franciscans) and the White (the Carmelites). There were also at least 13 churches and three hermitages. There were also three different streets associated with brothels (close to the monks (who don't seem to have been particularly celibate)). All of this in one small town of a maximun of 4,600 people (in 1377).